In adult men younger than 50 years, urinary tract infections (UTIs) are rare, but the incidence may increase later on. The adult male UTI is caused by prostatitis, epididymitis, orchitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis, and catheters in the urine. UTIs happen when bacteria enter the urinary tract. Women are more likely than males to develop a UTI.
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of any portion of your urinary system, including your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most of the infections involve the lower urinary tract, such as the bladder and urethra. If your bladder is not emptied regularly, bacteria tend to settle and multiply in the bladder. Also, if you don’t drink enough water, your risk for UTI may be higher. Holding your urine for a very long time can cause urinary tract infections due to bacterial growth.
Main causes of UTI
Urinary tract infections usually happen when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and start to multiply in the bladder. Although the urinary system is designed to prevent such microscopic invaders, they sometimes fail to protect them.
Escherichia coli (E. coli), a kind of bacteria frequently found in the GI (Gastro Intestinal) tract, are generally causing the infection of the bladder (Cystitis). Other bacteria also, however, are sometimes accountable. Due to their anatomical composition, for example, the short distance of the urethra to the anus and urethral opening to the bladder, all females are vulnerable to cystitis.
Infection of the urethra (urethritis) can occur when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra. Because of the proximity of the woman’s urethra, urethritis can be caused by sexually transmitted infections such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and mycoplasma.
Certain risk factors can lead to UTI, especially in females, which are mentioned below.
- Anatomical structure of females
- Sexual activity
- Different types of birth control
- Sometimes menopause
- Blockage in the urinary tract
Lower urinary tract infections rarely cause complications when handled efficiently and quickly. But Urinary tract infection can have severe implications if left untreated. Thus, it is essential to have a proper treatment for UTI’s.
Treatment for UTI
In urinary tract infections, antibiotics are generally the first-line of treatment. Canada drugs is prescribed, and how long it will depend on your health and the type of bacteria found in your urine. Thus, you must visit your physician, and he might have some tests done for you like ultrasound, a computerized tomography (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sometimes only the urine test would be enough to diagnose a UTI. You may be prescribed amoxicillin and nitrofurantoin by your physician. More serious complications may require broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin.
You should start antibiotics as soon as you can and take them for the duration of your treatment. Infection is expected to clear up in a few days. Stopping medication early, even if symptoms resolve, raises the risk of recurrence and antibiotic resistance.
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